Trekking in Annapurna Region
Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) is the biggest of its kind in the country as it covers an area of 7,629 sq. km. The project was launched in 1986. The area is home to a rich biodiversity where 1,226 species of flowering plants,105 mammals,508 birds, 40 reptiles, and 23 amphibians, according to the National Trust for Nature Conservation(NTNC).
The area is home to an ethical and culturally diverse population. More than 100,000 people are believed to reside in this region. The name of this project is derived from the famous Annapurna mountain peak, which is 8091m above sea level. This peak is believed to be one of the most difficult mountains to summit. There are many other fascinating features of this park. It has the world’s deepest gorge, the Andhra Galchhi, which is made by the Kaligandaki River. It is situated in between the Annapurna (8091) and Dhawalagiri (8167m).
Tilicho lake situated at an elevation of 4919 m, was previously believed t be the world’s highest freshwater lake. This park has one of the world’s largest Rhododendron forests. This park allows the locals to reside and exercise their rights even inside a protected area.
The cultural and ethnic diversity of this region is also a significant reason for it to become an attraction for tourists. The main activity for tourists is obviously trekking, even though climbing is also highly preferred.
The main trekking routes in this region are the Annapurna Circuit, Annapurna Sanctuary (Base camp & Poonhill), Upper Mustang, Khopra Ridge, and Mardi Himal trek. There are other smaller but extraordinary side treks in this region, like the Nar Phu Valley, Mohare dada, and others.
The Annapurna Circuit trek around Annapurna is one of the busiest treks in the country. It has been open for trekking since 1977. It used t take 21 t 23 days to complete this trek, but nowadays, the availability of road transport has made this trek accomplishable in just 10 to 12 days.
The elevation range of this trek varies from 600 m above sea level to Thorang La 5416 m above sea level. The trek offers a wide variety of natural and cultural diversity for one to witness. Mountain sceneries include the Manaslu, Annapurna, Dhawalagiri, Nilgiri, Tukuche, and several other peaks.
The Marshyangdi River and the Kali Gandaki river are the main rivers, whereas several other waterfalls and streams are available to witness. Tilicho Lake is also the main highlight f this trek. This trek has often been voted as the best long trek in the world.