Cultural Heritage in Nepal

Cultural Heritage in Nepal

Various Cultural Heritage in Nepal is a country enriched with full of colorful festivals and diverse cultures. Nepal’s various heritages of diverse cultures and its age-old traditional customs are interwoven with its main two religions, Hinduism and Buddhism. A country enriched with colorful festivals and ancient heritage culture, from the low land of Terai to the high Himalayas’;

In Nepal, wherever visitors travel will witness a wide range of inherited traditions, religious monuments, temples, monasteries, and culture. Besides the range of contemporary activities of the modern world, Nepal retains its old-time glories preserving ancient cultural heritage.

For all, Nepalese Heritage Culture is a tribal identity, values, and traditional customs, handed down by past generations to others. Various tribes of Nepal absorb a sense of heritage culture throughout their lives, observing and experiencing traditional daily life. Nepal is a unique and very special destination, with religious and cultural harmony between various spiritual practices, including Hinduism and Buddhism.

Nepal is a country of more than 60 ethnic tribal groups with 70 native spoken languages within a population of about 27 million, making the Himalayan country rich in distinct cultures, as the ancient traditions and religious practices are intact to this day.

Nepal’s various cultural heritages depend upon the areas from low Terai and the green hills to a high mountainous zone, where each series of country landscapes has a diverse climate, people, and cultures that Nepali people have adapted.

At present, the country has been divided into seven major zones, which include the warm low southern plains, extending to rolling mid-hills all the way to the high mountainous country of the Himalayas range, with various climates, vegetation, and people resulting in various diversities of food, culture, and farming including cattle live-stocks.

Major cities are mostly located in the lowland of the Terai, mid-hills, and valleys. The Southern Terai belt runs from East to West, the most populated area of Nepal with mainly Hindu religion. Practice their own heritage cultures linked with Hinduism, celebrating many festivals and religious rites all year round.

The hilly areas with mixed tribes of both Hindu and Buddhism religions make the hill villages more interesting to experience. Whereas the higher regions around the mountainous region of the Himalayas, dominated by hardy highlanders of Tibetan origin with their own community cultures, interwoven with Himalayan Buddhism similar to their predecessors: the Tibetans, who migrated some past centuries ago.

The Low Land Terai Belt, Culture, and Customs:

The low and southern land of Nepal is known as the Terai belt of sub-tropical climate, which is close to the Indian border. Where most people are dominated Indian-origin Nepalese, mainly following the Hindu religion and culture, celebrating various colorful festivals.

Apart from a few hill tribes settled in Terai, the lowland is populated by the indigenous Tharu and Dhimal tribes. The flat southern region of Indian origin of Nepal and Terai are known as Madhesi people in the Nepalese language. The Terai extends from east to west of the country along the border of the Indian states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. As well West Bengal, around its east-southern rim, the Madhesi people make near 30 % of the country’s population.

The Terai culture and society are mainly based on agriculture farming, known as the breadbasket of the country. The Madhesh people also include Maithalis and Bhojpuri, besides Tharu and Dhimal, having their own heritage cultures.

An ancient tribe of India, due to its close border with Nepal, Maithili is one of the largest Maithili linguistic groups. The Province 02 of Nepal and the second-largest ethnolinguistic group in Province 01, the eastern states of Nepal.

With a strong Hindu culture among the Bihari languages of Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Magahi. Maithili is rich in ancient culture as well its famed Maithili arts and paintings are renowned. The capital city of Province-2 Janakpur is famous for Janaki Temple and the birthplace of Sita, the consort of Lord Rama.

The most famous festival of low land, Terai, displays its culture and customs Diwali (festival of lights). Chhath is an important festival observed in the Terai region and falls on the seventh day after Diwali. The wedding anniversary of Rama and Sita, including Maghe Sankranti, especially for the Tharu and Dhimal communities, is celebrated with great reverence.

The Mid-Hills & Valleys Cultural Heritage:

The most unique and typical Nepalese culture can be observed around the valleys and mid-hills of Nepal. The true side of the country is where visitors can experience the authentic Nepalese cultural heritage from one area to another.

The valleys around rolling green hills, steeped with various traditions of both Hinduism and Buddhism religion enriched with fascinating cultures. An interesting region around the valleys and mid-hills of Nepal, where one can come across various tribes of people. This makes the hills alive and exciting with a blend of different cultures of Hindu and Buddhist followers.

The hills tribes are the indigenous people of Nepal; Nepali is the main mother tongue, besides their own tribal language. The hills are mostly dominated by Hindu Chettris, Brahmin, and Dalits tribes depending upon the region-wise.

Most hills are also populated by Kirats and Mongol tribes of people with their ancestral Mongol background. Most of the mixed tribes are interwoven with the Hindu religion, and some follow the path of Buddhism. The culture of mixed people in their own community, the Magar, Gurung, Tamang, and Rai-Kirats, make up the percentage of hill tribes.

Travelers will have delightful times experiencing various exciting traditions and age-old cultures in the close shade of massive Himalayan peaks. The hills tribe cultures are basically related to their way of life, like farming, raising live stocks as well hunting. One can enjoy the merriment of traditional folk songs and dancing, which is a part of the culture of hill villages.

Various traditional ways of showcasing the cultures of the hill villagers and also their way of life are fascinating for tourists. The hill tribes and valleys of Nepal stretch from East to West, where one can find various different immense cultures. A community based on each and every tribal village has its own culture and custom, as well as age-old heritage.

The main tribes of Mid-High Hills and valley:

There are more than 32 major Hills areas with cities, towns, and large villages. Like the famous scenic Pokhara city, the beautiful Nagarkot, Jomsom, and Kathmandu, the capital city and commercial hub of Nepal. Mid-hills and valleys inhabit the majority of Chettries, Bhaun / Bharamins of strong Hindu religion, interwoven to various major festivals and cultures.

The other tribe is Newar, mainly populated within Kathmandu valley, some in Pokhara and a few in other parts of Nepal. The Newar community has a strong devotion to their heritage culture and custom, as well as is famous for various types of foods. Newar people are interwoven with both Hindu and Buddhism religion cultures; visitors will be amazed to see many temples and shrines.

Where ever you travel around, the streets of Kathmandu and other towns and cities are inhabited by the Newar community. Where one can find temples and religious courtyards of Hinduism and Buddhism, there are farmers, craftsmen, and shopkeepers.

Newar enjoys merriment of religious and cultural activities with major festivals of their own Newar community. The next most populated ethnic tribe around the mid and high hills of the country is the Tamang of Tibeto-Burman origin. Tamang makes the 5th largest tribe, spread within Kathmandu valley hills to Mid-West and East of Nepal.

Tamang is mostly a farmer, raising livestock as well as a craftsman, following Buddhism similar to Tibetan culture and customs. Every village of the Tamang community celebrates various religious events related to Buddhism culture; Tamang is also interwoven with Bon.

An ancient sect of pre-Buddhism, worship of nature and mountain spirits where Tamang village has a Buddhist priest called Lama. Tamang being a Bon, also has Jyakri, a Shaman or Soothsayer, in every village to heal illness and wade evils.

Gurung indigenous people are mainly concentrated around Mid-West Nepal around Annapurna and Lamjung Himal ranges. Gurung, like Tamang, follows Buddhism as well Bon sect of age-old culture and celebrates their own community religious events and festivals.

Gurung culture is linked to farming and raising livestock as well as enjoying merriment called Rodi-Ghar: Nightlife of the Gurung community for entertainment, performing dance and folk songs showcasing the part of Gurung culture.

Magar tribe makes up the 3rd largest population of the country, a hill people largely spread around Western Nepal. Including East to Mid-West, a tribe heavily involved in agriculture, farming, and raising livestock, which is part of heritage culture. As well as a traditional way of life, Magar ethnic hill tribes have their own rich custom interwoven with the Hindu religion.

Some Magar people are inclined towards Buddhism, similar to the origin background Gurung and Tamang of Tibeto-Burman ethnic roots while celebrating various exciting festivals of their own Magar community and ancestral links to their ancient cultural heritage.