Himalayan range with world’s 14 highest 8,000 m peaks’
The world’s highest mountains are located around the great Himalayas range
that extends from near Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Tibet.
The world’s highest peaks of above 8,000 m / 26, 247 feet are in the
Himalayan range. Falls within Pakistan, Tibet / China, and Nepal with most
world’s highest mountain ranges array of peaks.
The world’s highest mountain range and peaks are Mt. Everest at 8,848.86 m
and 29, 031.69 feet high. Straddles the border of Nepal and Tibet / China,
where the north face is in Tibet. The south col situated in Nepal with many
great mountains that lines the border between both countries.
Everest base camp trek and Everest three passes trek offer
beautiful views of the World’s Highest Mount Everest, Mount Lhotse, Mount
Makalu, and Mount Cho-Oyu.
After the world’s number one Mt. Everest, K-2 stands as the second-highest
situated around the Karakoram Himalaya range. Which also borders Pakistan and
Tibet / China, located far west Himalayas. The K-2 with its original name is
Mt. Godwin Austen, soars high at 8,611 m / 28, 250 feet.
The third highest is Mt. Kanchenjunga at 8,586 m / 28, 169 feet high,
borders Nepal and Sikkim. A small North-Eastern state of India, where most
mountaineering and trekking are popular from the Nepalese side.
The fourth highest Mt. Lhotse at 8,516 m / 27, 940 feet, falls within Nepal
located close to Mt. Everest. Similarly, the fifth-highest Mt. Makalu stands at
8,463 m / 27, 766 feet high, located in North East Nepal. The 6th high is Mt.
Cho-Oyu at 8,201 m / 26, 906 feet, located between Nepal and Tibet / China.
Likewise, the 7th highest Mt. Dhaulagiri at 8,167 m / 26, 795 feet, the 8th
world’s highest Mt. Manaslu. Towers 8,163 m / 26, 795 feet high, the tenth
highest is Mt. Annapurna-I at 8,091 m / 26,545 feet.
An amazing thing to know about the world's highest mountains and landscapes
where Nepal and the Himalayas, come first on the list.
The Himalayan massive mountain range extends from near Afghanistan in the
west and runs parallel to the Far East in Bhutan.
Then finally a Himalayan array of peaks gets smaller and ends further east
near northern Myanmar. Of all world 14 eight thousand meters peaks, where 8
highest peaks are located in Nepal Himalaya.
The three world’s highest mountains borders neighboring countries Tibet /
China and Sikkim / India. Like Mt. Everest and Mt. Cho-Oyu stands on both sides
of the country Nepal and Tibet. Mt. Kanchenjunga the world’s third-highest peak
borders Sikkim / India on the eastern range of Nepal Himalayas.
Mt. Everest, the world highest peaks forms the frontier of Nepal and Tibet
/ China, apart from Everest, Cho-Oyu, and Kanchenjunga. Where rest of the
highest peaks are all within Nepal, Lhotse, Makalu with Dhaulagiri including
Manaslu and Annapurna Himal.
Besides the world’s highest mountains of above 8,000 m peaks, Nepal
captures more than hundreds of lesser peaks. Ranging from above and below 7,000
and 6,000 m smaller mountains compared to the giants eight thousand meters.
All highest mountains on the planet earth are concentrated in the Himalayas
range, compared to the Andes of South America. As well the great Alps of
central Europe, located in Switzerland, France, Austria, and north of
THE NAMES LEGEND AND HISTORY OF HIMALAYAN PEAKS:
The highest mountains are named in tribute to the pioneers and explorers as
well as respect to natural spirits and gods.
Mt. Everest was Peak XIV (fourteen) before it was named Everest in honor of
George Everest in the early 20th Century. While in Nepal it is known as
Sagarmatha and for Sherpa and Tibetans is Chomolungma. In both languages means
a ‘Great Mother’, similarly K-2 has no specific form of the name. Which is the
2nd peak of Karakoram Himalaya Range, originally christened Mt.
Godwin Austen, was an early pioneer, and explorer.
The name K2 for Karakoram has two peaks on the same range of 200 k.m. apart
of K-I and K-II. The name Mt. Kanchenjunga pronounced ‘Kanchendzonga’ of
Tibetan origin language, means five jewels referring to its five main
Mt. Lhotse, a Tibetan origin means West peak, the adjoining peaks of
Everest around Khumbu- Nepal, and Rumbuk in Tibet.
Mt. Makalu, a pyramid-shaped peak of black rock, as the name refers,
and Mt. Cho-Oyu means blessed or blessing.
Mt. Dhaulagiri, the name ‘Dhau’ comes from the ancient Sanskrit word for
dazzling, white, and beautiful, ‘Giri’ for mountain.
Mt. Manaslu, the name also comes from Sanskrit meaning ‘Manas’ mind or soul
of the god. The native of Tibetan origin calls ‘Kutang’ means a paradise
country or the region of high scenic Manaslu valley.
The most interesting name is Annapurna, which means ‘Crops / Food Enough’,
a great name for the massive Annapurna Himalayas. ‘Anna for crop’ and ‘Purna
means enough’, the logic is the mountain forms the glaciers, which turn into a
river. The river irrigates the farm and agriculture fields, hence yielding more
crops thus the name ‘Anna-Purna or Crop Enough’.
Mt. Annapurna-I was the first 8,000-meter peak ever climbed by French
Expedition way back in the 1950’s. Three years before Mt. Everest was conquered
by Tenzing and Hillary in 1953, one of the toughest peaks to climb.
Himalaya word also derived from Sanskrit means snow for “Him and Alaya” for
the snow range. The Himalayas are the youngest mountain range in the world, and
still growing by a few centimeters each year.
The new height of Mt. Everest has increased by a few centimeters at present
standing at 8,848. 86 m high.
The history of brave courageous mountaineering expeditions of all of the
14th world's highest mountains is as follows:
01: Mt. Everest was the first ascent by British
Expeditions on May 29th, 1953,
Tenzing and Hillary.
02: Mt. K2 at 8,611 m / 28,250 feet first ascent
by Italian Expeditions on July
by A. Compangnoni and L. Lacedelli.
03: Mt. Kanchenjunga, the first ascent by British
Expedition on May 25th, 1955
led by the
late George Band with J.Brown, Norman Hardie.
04: Mt. Lhotse, first ascent by the Swiss
Expedition on May 18th, 1956
Luchsinger and E. Reiss.
05: Mt. Makalu, the first ascent on May 15th, 1955
by French Expeditions.
06: Mt. Cho-Oyu was summited on 19th October 1954
by the Austrian
with Nepalese climber Pasang Dawa Lama.
07: Mt. Dhaulagiri was climbed by a Swiss
Expedition with Nepalese climber
and Nawang Dorji Sherpa on May 13th, 1960.
08: Mt. Manaslu, first ascent by Japanese
Expedition with Nepalese climb
Norbu Sherpa on May 9th, 1956.
09: Mt. Nanga Parbat in Pakistan at the height of
8,125 m and 26,660 feet high,
by the Austrian Expedition, climbed by Hermann Buhl on July
the 3rd, 1953.
10: Mt. Annapurna-I, the first 8,000 m climbed by
French Expedition on June
3rd, 1950 by
Maurice Herzog and L. Lachenal. The first 8,000 m highest
climbed in the history of mountaineering.
11: Mt. Gasherbrum-I at 8,068 m and 26,470 feet
located between Pakistan
the first ascent by the German Expedition on July 4th, 1958.
12: Mt. Broad Peak at 8,047 m and 26,400 feet high
first ascent by Austrian
on June 9th, 1957.
13: Mt. Gasherbrum-II is located within Pakistan
& China at the height of
8,035 m and
26,360 feet high, the first ascent by Austrian Expeditions on
July 7th, 1956.
14: Mt. Shisapangma in Tibet / China rises as the
last 14th world highest
8,013 m and 26,289 feet, first ascent on May 02nd, 1964 by a
Chinese mountaineers led by Hsu Ching and a team of 9 climbers.
MOUNTAINEERING THE WORLD’S HIGHEST MOUNTAINS:
Nepal with hundreds of snow-clad giant peaks with most of the world's 8,000
m and 7,000 m peaks. Makes Nepal a number one country for mountaineering
expeditions, as well for climbing lesser heights peaks.
From the times of late Tenzing Sherpa and Edmund Hillary, the first
conqueror of Mt. Everest on May 29th, 1953. Since then Nepal has become a
leading and renowned premier country for all types of adventures.
Nepal with the world’s eight highest mountains draws hundreds of
mountaineers from all parts of the globe. Especially for Mt. Everest climb from
South Col route of Nepal, from North Col of Tibet gets fewer mountaineering
The main seasons around Nepal and the other Himalayas are in mid-spring
from March to May, and a few in autumn times. As well the high seasons for
trekking, mountaineering expeditions,
and peak climbing or other adventures.
The other world’s highest mountains get fewer mountaineers for Mt.
Dhaulagiri, Mt. Manaslu and Mt. Annapurna. Including Mt. Makalu, Lhotse, and
Kanchenjunga, where Mt. Lhotse is close to Mt. Everest and shares the
same Everest base camp.
LOCATION OF WORLD HIGHEST MOUNTAINS:
Mt. Everest, Chomolungma, or Sagarmatha is located in Nepal Far North
Mid-Eastern Himalayas, including Mt. Lhotse and Mt. Cho-Oyu. The world’s 1st,
4th and 6th Mountains also fall half on the Tibetan side of China.
Mt. Makalu and Mt. Kanchenjunga are situated further northeast of Nepal the
5th and 3rd world highest peaks.
Likewise, the 7th world's highest Mt. Dhaulagiri is located Far West,
the world's 10th high Mt. Annapurna. Including the 8th highest Mt. Manaslu in
Mid-West Nepal, these are the world's 8th highest peaks from 14th world's
Other world's highest mountains are located in the Pakistan Karakoram
region of Far Western Himalayas. The world's 2nd highest Mt. K2 or Mt. Godwin
Austen, Mt. Nanga Parbat, Mt. Gasherbrum-I, and Mt. Broad Peak.
Mt. Everest, Cho-Oyu located between Nepal and Tibet / China, the last 14th
highest Mt. Shisapangma is wholly within Tibet.
The world's highest mountains of the Himalayas are an important source of
various rivers networks that feed millions of South Asian people.