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TOP 14 HIGHEST MOUNTAINS IN THE WORLD-VERTEX HOLIDAY


‘The great Himalayan range with world’s 14 highest 8,000 m peaks’

The world’s highest mountains are located around the great Himalayas range that extends from near Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Tibet.

 

The world’s highest peaks of above 8,000 m / 26, 247 feet are in the Himalayan range. Falls within Pakistan, Tibet / China, and Nepal with most world’s highest mountain ranges array of peaks.

 

The world’s highest mountain range and peaks are Mt. Everest at 8,848.86 m and 29, 031.69 feet high. Straddles the border of Nepal and Tibet / China, where the north face is in Tibet. The south col situated in Nepal with many great mountains that lines the border between both countries. 

 

Everest base camp trek and Everest three passes trek offer beautiful views of the World’s Highest Mount Everest, Mount Lhotse, Mount Makalu, and Mount Cho-Oyu.

 

After the world’s number one Mt. Everest, K-2 stands as the second-highest situated around the Karakoram Himalaya range. Which also borders Pakistan and Tibet / China, located far west Himalayas. The K-2 with its original name is
Mt. Godwin Austen, soars high at 8,611 m / 28, 250 feet. 

 

The third highest is Mt. Kanchenjunga at 8,586 m / 28, 169 feet high, borders Nepal and Sikkim. A small North-Eastern state of India, where most mountaineering and trekking are popular from the Nepalese side.

 

The fourth highest Mt. Lhotse at 8,516 m / 27, 940 feet, falls within Nepal located close to Mt. Everest. Similarly, the fifth-highest Mt. Makalu stands at 8,463 m / 27, 766 feet high, located in North East Nepal. The 6th high is Mt. Cho-Oyu at 8,201 m / 26, 906 feet, located between Nepal and Tibet / China.

 

Likewise, the 7th highest Mt. Dhaulagiri at 8,167 m / 26, 795 feet, the 8th world’s highest Mt. Manaslu. Towers 8,163 m / 26, 795 feet high, the tenth highest is Mt. Annapurna-I at 8,091 m / 26,545 feet.

 

An amazing thing to know about the world's highest mountains and landscapes where Nepal and the Himalayas, come first on the list. 

 

The Himalayan massive mountain range extends from near Afghanistan in the west and runs parallel to the Far East in Bhutan. 

Then finally a Himalayan array of peaks gets smaller and ends further east near northern Myanmar. Of all world 14 eight thousand meters peaks, where 8 highest peaks are located in Nepal Himalaya. 

 

The three world’s highest mountains borders neighboring countries Tibet / China and Sikkim / India. Like Mt. Everest and Mt. Cho-Oyu stands on both sides of the country Nepal and Tibet. Mt. Kanchenjunga the world’s third-highest peak borders Sikkim / India on the eastern range of Nepal Himalayas.  

 

Mt. Everest, the world highest peaks forms the frontier of Nepal and Tibet / China, apart from Everest, Cho-Oyu, and Kanchenjunga. Where rest of the highest peaks are all within Nepal, Lhotse, Makalu with Dhaulagiri including Manaslu and Annapurna Himal.

 

Besides the world’s highest mountains of above 8,000 m peaks, Nepal captures more than hundreds of lesser peaks. Ranging from above and below 7,000 and 6,000 m smaller mountains compared to the giants eight thousand meters.

 

All highest mountains on the planet earth are concentrated in the Himalayas range, compared to the Andes of South America. As well the great Alps of central Europe, located in Switzerland, France, Austria, and north of Italy. 

 

THE NAMES LEGEND AND HISTORY OF HIMALAYAN PEAKS:

 

The highest mountains are named in tribute to the pioneers and explorers as well as respect to natural spirits and gods.



Mt. Everest was Peak XIV (fourteen) before it was named Everest in honor of George Everest in the early 20th Century. While in Nepal it is known as Sagarmatha and for Sherpa and Tibetans is Chomolungma. In both languages means a ‘Great Mother’, similarly K-2 has no specific form of the name. Which is the 2nd peak of Karakoram Himalaya Range, originally christened Mt. Godwin Austen, was an early pioneer, and explorer. 



The name K2 for Karakoram has two peaks on the same range of 200 k.m. apart of K-I and K-II.  The name Mt. Kanchenjunga pronounced ‘Kanchendzonga’ of Tibetan origin language, means five jewels referring to its five main peaks. 

 

Mt. Lhotse, a Tibetan origin means West peak, the adjoining peaks of Everest around Khumbu- Nepal, and Rumbuk in Tibet.

Mt. Makalu, a pyramid-shaped peak of black rock, as the name refers, and Mt. Cho-Oyu means blessed or blessing.



Mt. Dhaulagiri, the name ‘Dhau’ comes from the ancient Sanskrit word for dazzling, white, and beautiful, ‘Giri’ for mountain.

 

Mt. Manaslu, the name also comes from Sanskrit meaning ‘Manas’ mind or soul of the god. The native of Tibetan origin calls ‘Kutang’ means a paradise country or the region of high scenic Manaslu valley.



The most interesting name is Annapurna, which means ‘Crops / Food Enough’, a great name for the massive Annapurna Himalayas. ‘Anna for crop’ and ‘Purna means enough’, the logic is the mountain forms the glaciers, which turn into a river. The river irrigates the farm and agriculture fields, hence yielding more crops thus the name ‘Anna-Purna or Crop Enough’. 

 

Mt. Annapurna-I was the first 8,000-meter peak ever climbed by French Expedition way back in the 1950’s. Three years before Mt. Everest was conquered by Tenzing and Hillary in 1953, one of the toughest peaks to climb. 

 

Himalaya word also derived from Sanskrit means snow for “Him and Alaya” for the snow range. The Himalayas are the youngest mountain range in the world, and still growing by a few centimeters each year. 

 

The new height of Mt. Everest has increased by a few centimeters at present standing at 8,848. 86 m high.

 

The history of brave courageous mountaineering expeditions of all of the 14th world's highest mountains is as follows: 

 

01:      Mt. Everest was the first ascent by British Expeditions on May 29th, 1953,
            climbed by Tenzing and Hillary.

02:      Mt. K2 at 8,611 m / 28,250 feet first ascent by Italian Expeditions on July
            31st, 1954 by A. Compangnoni and L. Lacedelli. 

03:      Mt. Kanchenjunga, the first ascent by British Expedition on May 25th, 1955
            led by the late George Band with J.Brown, Norman Hardie. 

04:      Mt. Lhotse, first ascent by the Swiss Expedition on May 18th, 1956
            summited by Luchsinger and E. Reiss.

05:      Mt. Makalu, the first ascent on May 15th, 1955 by French Expeditions.

06:      Mt. Cho-Oyu was summited on 19th October 1954 by the Austrian
            Expedition with Nepalese climber Pasang Dawa Lama.

07:      Mt. Dhaulagiri was climbed by a Swiss Expedition with Nepalese climber
            Nima Dorji and Nawang Dorji Sherpa on May 13th, 1960.

08:      Mt. Manaslu, first ascent by Japanese Expedition with Nepalese climb
            Gyalzen Norbu Sherpa on May 9th, 1956.

09:      Mt. Nanga Parbat in Pakistan at the height of 8,125 m and 26,660 feet high,
            first ascent by the Austrian Expedition, climbed by Hermann Buhl on July
            the 3
rd, 1953.

10:      Mt. Annapurna-I, the first 8,000 m climbed by French Expedition on June
            3rd, 1950 by Maurice Herzog and L. Lachenal. The first 8,000 m highest
            mountain climbed in the history of mountaineering.

11:      Mt. Gasherbrum-I at 8,068 m and 26,470 feet located between Pakistan
            and China, the first ascent by the German Expedition on July 4th, 1958.

12:      Mt. Broad Peak at 8,047 m and 26,400 feet high first ascent by Austrian
            Expeditions on June 9th, 1957.

13:      Mt. Gasherbrum-II is located within Pakistan & China at the height of
            8,035 m and 26,360 feet high, the first ascent by Austrian Expeditions on
            July 7
th, 1956.

14:      Mt. Shisapangma in Tibet / China rises as the last 14th world highest
            mountains at 8,013 m and 26,289 feet, first ascent on May 02nd, 1964 by a
            group of Chinese mountaineers led by Hsu Ching and a team of 9 climbers. 

 

MOUNTAINEERING THE WORLD’S HIGHEST MOUNTAINS:

 

Nepal with hundreds of snow-clad giant peaks with most of the world's 8,000 m and 7,000 m peaks. Makes Nepal a number one country for mountaineering expeditions, as well for climbing lesser heights peaks. 

 

From the times of late Tenzing Sherpa and Edmund Hillary, the first conqueror of Mt. Everest on May 29th, 1953. Since then Nepal has become a leading and renowned premier country for all types of adventures.  

 

Nepal with the world’s eight highest mountains draws hundreds of mountaineers from all parts of the globe. Especially for Mt. Everest climb from South Col route of Nepal, from North Col of Tibet gets fewer mountaineering expeditions.

 

The main seasons around Nepal and the other Himalayas are in mid-spring from March to May, and a few in autumn times. As well the high seasons for trekking, mountaineering expeditions, and peak climbing or other adventures.



The other world’s highest mountains get fewer mountaineers for Mt. Dhaulagiri, Mt. Manaslu and Mt. Annapurna. Including Mt. Makalu, Lhotse, and Kanchenjunga, where Mt. Lhotse is close to Mt. Everest and shares the same Everest base camp.

 

LOCATION OF WORLD HIGHEST MOUNTAINS:

 

Mt. Everest, Chomolungma, or Sagarmatha is located in Nepal Far North Mid-Eastern Himalayas, including Mt. Lhotse and Mt. Cho-Oyu. The world’s 1st, 4th and 6th Mountains also fall half on the Tibetan side of China. 

 

Mt. Makalu and Mt. Kanchenjunga are situated further northeast of Nepal the 5th and 3rd world highest peaks.

 

Likewise, the 7th world's highest Mt. Dhaulagiri is located Far West, the world's 10th high Mt. Annapurna. Including the 8th highest Mt. Manaslu in Mid-West Nepal, these are the world's 8th highest peaks from 14th world's highest mountains.

 

Other world's highest mountains are located in the Pakistan Karakoram region of Far Western Himalayas. The world's 2nd highest Mt. K2 or Mt. Godwin Austen, Mt. Nanga Parbat, Mt. Gasherbrum-I, and Mt. Broad Peak. 

 

Mt. Everest, Cho-Oyu located between Nepal and Tibet / China, the last 14th highest Mt. Shisapangma is wholly within Tibet.


The world's highest mountains of the Himalayas are an important source of various rivers networks that feed millions of South Asian people.

 

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