OVERVIEWS OF UPPER MUSTANG TREKKING:
This is an excursion to the Forbidden Kingdom, located in the Northern part of Annapurna Conservation Area home to the famous Annapurna Circuit Trekking. A picturesque country behind the towering mountain ranges of Dhaulagiri(8167m) and Annapurna(8091m) Himalayas. It is a paradise for travelers and photographers seeking to explore the cold deserted topography of Nepal.
A journey to the rain shadow area, connected to the windswept Tibetan Plateau gives this topography a distinct vibe of Tibetan culture. Also known as Little Tibet, the traditional settlements are inhabited by the indigenous people with ancestral backgrounds with the Tibetans. The region is native to the Lho and Lhopa native tribes; however other ethnic groups like Gurung, Thakali, and others inhabit here.
The walled city of Lo-Manthang serves as headquarters for the Upper Mustang region and is rich in ancient history and cultures. The buildings including the royal palace still hold their ancient aesthetics as this region has little to no influence on modern infrastructures. Even the lodges and homestays are an amalgamation of traditional architecture and modern facilities.
The destination city of Lo-Manthang is situated at an elevation of 3840 m above sea level, whereas the highest altitude during the trek in Upper Mustang is 4230 m at Marang La where the Buddhist shrine Ghar Gumba is located. Besides, the region is full of similar Buddhist monuments decorated with prayer flags, wheels, and Mani Walls depicting the values of Himalayan Tibetan Buddhism.
It was in 1992 that this remote isolated destination was officially opened for international visitors, however, a special permit is mandatory as well as the assistance of a government authorized Travel operator. As the Upper Mustang region is deemed as a sensitive zone bordering with the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China, therefore the number of visitors visiting the region is controlled.
Although being an isolated region, the Upper Mustang is gaining popularity among travelers and tourists from all over the world. In recent years as the availability of motor transportation, huge numbers of domestic tourists are flooding in the region. Jeep tours and motorbike tours are among the major options available to explore this pristine destination. However, people willing to spend a slightly higher cost can take a helicopter tour to the region.
However, if you are not fond of motor transport, then you can definitely take the ancient Trans Himalayan Salt trade route, which is still intact and is the major trekking and hiking trail in the region. Besides, walking trips offer visitors an opportunity of exploring the picturesque landscape as well as interact with the local communities.
HISTORY OF UPPER MUSTANG:
During the 16th and 17th centuries, this region was an independent kingdom, however, it is widely accepted that the Kingdom was built in 1380 by a king named Ame Pal. The geographical positioning made this ancient kingdom an important place for controlling trade between Indian Subcontinent and Tibet. Later in the 18th century, the Kingdom of Lo was annexed to the Kingdom of Nepal, however, was allowed to continue its age-old monarch.
Despite being part of Nepal, the kingdom of Lo had its own king and the people of this region followed the decisions of the monarch. In 2008, after the demise of the Monarch in Nepal, the region lost its status as a separate kingdom was also lifted by the government of Nepal. The last official King Jigme Dorje Palbar Bista was revered as the unofficial king of the Lo kingdom by the people until his Demise in 2016.
THE SKY CAVES OF MUSTANG:
In 2007 a local shepherd found an interesting cave full of ancient paintings of Gautam Buddha. Since then thousands of such caves have been found hanging on the cliffs. Popular as Sky caves, are actually the tombs of late Lama Gurus of the region where several mummified bodies dating as old as two to three thousand years have been found besides other archaeological artifacts.
These artifacts range from non-precious to precious metals and gemstones along with ancient statues and idols of Buddhist religious culture. Some of the artifacts linked to the ancient Silk Route, originating as far on the west as modern-day Turkey. These sites have been enlisted under UNESCO tentative sites list since 1996.
Several international media including National Geographic have made documentaries about these interesting sites. Whereas explorers from the United States of America, Italy, and Nepal have been conducting research operations and has found many historical and religious aspect of the kingdom of Lho.
Some even believe these caves were used as meditation chambers as well as burial chambers. Besides, some explorers suggest that this tradition is related to the Sky Burial tradition, where the body of a deceased one is left on a mountain for the vultures to feed it from.
UPPER MUSTANG TREK ROUTE:
It is an interesting walking journey via the Kaligandaki river gorge amidst towering red canyons and high cliffs. The trek still follows the ancient Trans Himalayan Salt trade route connecting Tibet with the southern regions of the Himalayas. Truly an exciting land where a walk takes from one lovely village to another lined with exquisite prayer walls and monuments.
Trek to the Forbidden Kingdom of Upper Mustang starts after a scenic flight from Pokhara to Jomsom, the windiest place in Nepal. This Himalayan town on the lower mustang serves as headquarters to the district of Mustang and is well equipped with excellent facilities of food and accommodation along with other commodities. The trek continues along the bank of Kaligandaki river valley splitting from Kagbeni a settlement with rich ancient history. It is from here Restricted Area Permits (RAP) are required for tourists.
The adventure proceeds crossing the high passes offering magnificent mountain vistas as well as the beautiful landscape of Mustang. Besides, several ethnic villages on the trail provide an important cultural insight along with their warm hospitality. At Lo-Manthang, the main destination of the trekking trip offers a great tour of the ancient city along with paved roads, a historical royal palace, and several monasteries of Buddhist cultural interest. The smiling faces of the locals will enchant you for a memorable trekking experience.
Besides, this trip can be extended to Muktinath, a popular pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Buddhists. The shrine is believed to help devotees liberate themselves from sins and attain Nirvana. After wonderful trekking in Upper mustang, the journey descends back to Jomsom as the conclusion of an epic trip, for a scenic flight back to Pokhara.
UPPER MUSTANG TIJI FESTIVAL:
Adventure trekking in the upper part of the Annapurna Conservation Area is not only known for its spectacular scenery and immense culture, but also for its colorful festivals and rituals. Among which Tiji Festival is the main attraction. A glorious event takes place in Lo-Manthang as per the Buddhist Lunar calendar, which falls during the middle of May.
This year in 2022, the year of tiger, this festival falls from 27th to 29th of May Tiji Festival, originally pronounced as ‘Ten Che’ means establishing the world for peace. Also a victory over evils festival continues for full three days. Tiji Festival is celebrated during the beginning of a new spring season and blessing for the country to bring much prosperity and happiness
Monks in different colorful attire and masks dance to the tune of religious prayer music to dispel evil spirits. The main festival of Tiji is held in Chode Monastery the main religious center of Lo-Manthang in Upper Mustang. It is during this time most international tourists visit this wonderful vacation destination.
THE HIDDEN KINGDOM OF UPPER MUSTANG GEOGRAPHY:
Upper Mustang is an extension of the Tibetan plateau geographically, close to the Kora La border pass of Nepal and Tibet. Located in mid northwest Nepal in the Mustang district of Gandaki Province and Dhaulagiri zone, with Jomsom as the headquarter town. Mustang is the fifth largest district by area of Nepal, whereas Upper Mustang covers an area of 3,573 sq. km. with longitude and latitude of 28.9985 North and 83.8473 East.
The main occupations of villagers are agriculture and animal husbandry, Upper Mustang is also known as the country behind the Himalayas or as ‘Little Tibet’. The word Mustang comes from Tibetan ’Möntang’ means a "fertile land" however, the Upper Mustang is mostly dry and arid, but with cultivated farm areas around villages growing high-altitude crops, like barley, wheat, and buckwheat.
The whole district is within ACAP, the Annapurna Conservation Area Project, one of the largest protected areas of Nepal. The alpine feature of the region allows for the high altitude species of flora and fauna including some rare and endangered species to flourish. Snow Leopard, lynx, brown bear, Tibetan wild ass, Tibetan argali are among the major animals whereas Pheasants, Vultures, and other smaller species of birds are also found here.
UPPER MUSTANG TREKKING FOOD & ACCOMMODATION:
Food & accommodation are one of the main important features of the trek to make the adventure enjoyable and to keep all members fit and healthy. Most villages with standard lodges provide a comprehensive food menu, serving continental, Indian, Tibetan, and Nepali meals or snacks.
All meals are cooked in a hygienic way with a homely environment, vegetables, and fresh vegetables as per the seasons. Some lodge also serves fresh bakeries products also, in the bigger group will be a set menu to save time and conserve fuel energy.
Accommodation depends upon the size of the villages, most standard lodges with clean and neat rooms, comfortable beds, and mattresses with a friendly local environment. Most lodges around higher areas after Jomsom and Kagbeni will have rooms with common baths and toilets.
The reason is due to the harsh terrain, high altitude, and cold climate, where plumbing systems can freeze to flush for running waters. However, lodges will provide excellent services of hot water showers at extra cost. All lodges have a large warm and cozy dining hall with a friendly and delightful environment.
BEST SEASONS FOR UPPER MUSTANG TREK:
Best Upper Mustang trekking seasons start from mid-March to June around later spring to pre-summer seasons. As well in autumn/fall September and October, when days are clear for views and pleasant walks. Morning and nighttime as well in shade get cooler, but the day is fine with brilliant sun lights. Late spring from the middle of March to June is another best time when days are longer with enough sunshine with cooler morning and nighttime.
Interested people can trek during July and August also, where Upper Mustang falls in a rain shadow. The high Himalayan range forms a barrier for black monsoon clouds and that is why the country is dry and arid most of the year-round. From November onwards the villages will be deserted as Mustang people migrate to a low warmer area to escape the winter cold.
UPPER MUSTANG TREK PREPARATION:
Before and after booking with Vertex Holidays for Upper Mustang, ask for more details and information regarding the best seasons for the trek. The company will provide you with a list of clothing gear, and necessary items required for the trek season-wise. For the detailed list check Equipment and Packing list.
For the trek, all need to be physically fit and in sound health, as the trek goes into the high altitude arid and dry landscape. Due to the rough terrain and lower concentration of oxygen in the air, it might not be as easy as for the Sherpa and other highlanders of Nepal. However, the trek is mostly gradual ascent decreasing the risks of any altitude-related hazards.
Although a medical and travel insurance you’re your native country is mandatory. It should cover hospitalization and emergency rescue using Helicopter services. As prevention is better than cure, one cannot predict any mishaps in the Himalayas.
Some forms of physical exercises prior to the departure date like jogging, swimming, cycling, Zumba, aerobics, and cardio are suggested. Besides guided Yoga and Meditation including breathing exercises are also among the best options.
SPECIAL PERMITS AND COSTS FOR RESTRICTED AREA OF UPPER MUSTANG:
Upper Mustang Trek was first opened From 1992 onwards, for international visitors. However, it falls under a sensitive zone due to its closeness with The Tibet border thus making this region under restricted area. Here all Trekkers and travelers require a special permit to enter the Upper Mustang
Near from Headquarters of Jomsom, Kagbeni village. The special permit cost is 500$ per person for the first 10 days, and then the US $50 per day. This special permit (RAP) will be obtained by Vertex Holiday, in addition. The trekkers need another permit for ACAP (Annapurna conservation area project).
For Upper Mustang one cannot enter as a solo or individual trekker, a minimum of 2 people are required. All interested trekkers must join with reputed trekking agencies, led by Government Licensed Guide approved and authorized by the Tourism and Trekking Department of Nepal.
For more information regarding trekking in the Upper Mustang Region and other similar destinations feel free to contact Vertex Holiday. We organize wonderful holiday trips in the Himalayan country of Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan. Besides, custom-tailored itineraries are also available as per the request of our valued clients.
This region is one of the most sensitive region in Nepal , as it borders with Tibet , autonomous region of China. In past there have been many efforts and protests regarding the Free Tibet movement , therefore the government has regulated various restrictions for tourists. Among which is the high cost for the permit to visit this region. However the pristine nature and culture of the Upper Mustang region is a rewarding trip to take.
Namaste and welcome to Nepal. After your arrival, Kathmandu, Vertex Holiday’s airport representative receives you at the airport and transfer to the hotel. After getting refreshed, a short briefing and orientation will be conducted by our trekking leaders. The evening is reserved for a wonderful dinner program with some cultural dances and music. Overnight at the hotel.
After breakfast at the hotel, set out for the sightseeing tour in Kathmandu, these include UNESCO listed world heritage sites. Kathmandu is a city of temples and medieval arts and architecture. There is Pashupatinath temple, Boudhanath, Swayambhunath, Kathmandu Durbar Square in Kathmandu. However, there are in total of seven world heritage sites in the Kathmandu valley. Overnight at the hotel.
From Kathmandu, we drive to the tourist town of Pokhara. As an option of the driving, you can take a flight with an additional cost and see the view of Langtang, Manaslu and Annapurna range of peaks. Driving is also an amazing experience going through the winding road for 6 hours and reach Pokhara. The hilly landscape and the fast flowing rivers will definitely give you chills. After checking in, you can explore around lakeside . Overnight at the hotel.
The flight from Pokhara to Jomsom goes through the grand Kaligandaki river valley with the spectacular views of Annapurna and Dhawalagiri mountains. Jomsom is the district headquarter of the Mustang region. The trek heads to Kagbeni, which is a picturesque village situated at the confluence of Jhong Khola and the Kali Gandaki River. Tibetan culture and hospitality are the main face of Kagbeni and is also the gateway to Upper Mustang. Overnight at lodge.
After breakfast we commence our trekking journey and the trail goes along the Kali Gandaki river bank. The trail leads us to through the villages of Tangbe and then Chhusang . The people and culture are influenced by Himalayan and TIbetan Buddhism Heading from there, we head up through the huge red chunk of conglomerate that has fallen from the cliff above, forming a tunnel through which the Kaligandaki follows. Hiking gradually, we reach to the Chele village. Overnight at lodge.
After breakfast, we begin our trek through Eklai Bhatti and ascend to the Taklam pass of 3634 meters. The close-up view of Tilicho Peak, Yakawa Kang, Nilgiri, and Damodar Danda can be seen from the pass then we trek down to Samar for lunch. The trail to Syangbochen is gradual and easy. Overnight at lodge.
As we begin the trek, we cross the Yamda La of 3850 meters. The Tibetan style traditional houses that are whitewashed and the fluttering prayer flags hang on the rooftop are seen amazing. The sceneries are similar to that of the Tibetan Highlands. Another pass is Nyi Pass of 4010 meters and we descend to Ghyami. Overnight at lodge.
After breakfast, we commence the trip and cross the Ghyami stream. Then we climb up to the plateau and witness the long Mani wall. Which is a memorial for the spirits of the ones that passed away in Himalayan Buddhism. After about five hours journey, we reach to Charang, where we conclude our day's trek. Overnight at lodge.
From Charang, our hike descends to Tsarang Chu Canyon and then ascend on a steep trail after crossing the river. Then we climb to the Lo Pass (3850m), from where we see the first view of the Lomanthang. On the way, we can explore the beautiful Bhrikuti peak, Annapurna, Tilicho and other minor peaks. This place is the most important place in the Upper Mustang Region .Overnight at lodge.
It is the most important day of the trek to Upper Mustang. After breakfast, we visit the Namgyal and Tingkhar Gompa. For the locals, they are significant ones. Then we move to Tingkhar village, which has got about 40 houses. It is also the last village of the north west. The four-storied King's palace, red Thugchen Gompa, Chyodi Gompa, and others accompany the attractions today. Even the surrounding places that are dotted with seasonal flowers are surprising. Overnight at lodge.
Spending an outstanding time in Lo-Manthang with cultural exploration, we leave this stone-walled town and head to the Drakmar. On the way, we can visit the Ghar Gompa. It is a significant monastery of Tibetan Himalayan Buddhists. Then we walk to Drakmar and end the day's trak. Overnight at lodge.
Our trekking journey retraces to Ghiling which takes about 6 hrs , through the arid landscape. Walking early in the morning is the best option as it becomes tough to walk after the mid-day due to dusty wind. Overnight at lodge.
After about 5 hrs walk through the windy valley, we reach to Chele. We can still enjoy exploring the breathtaking views of the Annapurna and Nilgiri peaks. overnight at the lodge at Chele.
On the last day of foot excursion, we head from Chele to Jomsom. From Kagbeni, the Upper Mustang trail joins the Annapurna Circuit (Jomsom Muktinath trail). Celebrate the trek conclusion and wait for the upcoming flight on the following day. Overnight at lodge.
On the morning, we take a half an hour flight from Jomsom to Pokhara. After checking in we head for the city tour around Pokhara: Davis falls, Mahendra cave, World peace stupa, International mountaineering museum, and others. Later on, we can also enjoy the boat ride. Overnight at the hotel.
Today, we drive back to Kathmandu. It’s a scenic drive through the Prithvi Highway road. Or if you take a flight, it's half an hour flight. After your arrival at Kathmandu, transfer to the hotel. Overnight at the hotel.
Note: If you are going for the jungle safari tour in Chitwan, you drive to Chitwan and enjoy the safari trip. We offer 2 Nights/3 Days package for your wonderful holidays in Nepal.
Having a good memorable trekking experience with Vertex Holiday, our representative drops you at the airport for your final departure.
I and my wife were in Nepal in 2018 for the Upper Mustang trekking. It was nice of Vertex Holiday that they arranged a wanderful trekking vacation with a very cheerful guide. The landscape, scenery and the people were mesmerizing . Our basic needs including food , accommodation and transportation were well taken care of. For us , the cultural festival of Tiji was a new and exciting event and are glad that we attended it. We would like to thank Vertex Holiday for everthing , and hopefully we will be back for another adventure . Best of luck for your company's future. Joseph
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Upper Mustang, located Nepal Far North West within the district of Mustang, on old Trans Himalaya Salt Trade Route of Nepal to Tibet. Beyond Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Himalaya.
The average altitude of Upper Mustang is above 3,000 m high, where some passes extends much higher above 4,200 m high.
The trek starts at the height of 2,715 m from Jomsom as walk proceeds crossing Yamada-La at 3, 850 m and the highest point of Nyi-La Pass at above 4, 010 m high.
The right time to visit Upper Mustang is from April to June, around mid-spring and pre-summer seasons. As well in autumn/fall season September and October months. For interested people can visit around summertime of June and July also, as Mustang falls within rain-shadow. Where monsoon heavy clouds are blocked by the high Himalayan mountain range.
At one time Upper Mustang was part of Tibet in the early 12th and 13th Century, the history shows during 14th Century, much of Ngari was under the rule of the Malla Empire. The Malla capital was in Sinja, Jumla of western Nepal, from then on Mustang became an independent kingdom. In its own right, under the regime of Raja / King Ame Pal, the founder king of Lo in 1,380 A.D.
The foods and accommodation on overnight stops are good and hygienic as well on lunch stops. Foods in larger villages like Kagbeni, Jomsom, Ghami, and Lo-Manthang provide a comprehensive food menu to enjoy. Where vegetables as seasonal-wise, the lodge accommodations are neat and clean with common bathe and toilets from Kagbeni onwards. Due to cold temperatures and harsh high altitude terrain, where plumbing systems freezes. That is why it has common toilets and bathe
Upper Mustang was closed for foreign visitors then it was opened from 1991 onwards, but remains as a restricted region for several good reasons. The first point it is close to the border of Tibet / China, and the other reason is to preserve the culture and its environment, limiting the flow of trekkers.
The famous Tilje festival of Upper Mustang held in Lo-Manthang takes place around the month of May, as predicted from Tibetan Buddhist Lunar Calendar. Which is based on animals and birds’ cycle, this year of an ox from February 2021 onwards. The event this year was held from 9th May till 11th May 2021, the dates will differ from the Gregorian calendar. For further updates please contact Vertex Holidays.
Trekking in Nepal
Trekking in Nepal
Trekking in Nepal